As we go about our day we rarely stop to think about the controls in place that keep our homes, offices, stores, etc. comfortable. If you’ve never had the chance to learn more about heating and cooling systems that help us enjoy everyday activities then this article will give you a good start on the basics.
First thing on the list of things to learn are about the different type of heating and cooling systems.
Central heating/cooling works by use of a gravity furnace which moves air from a central unit at ground level up and throughout the home or building. You would typically find the master unit in the basement of a home but in homes with no basements they are situated outside the home. This type of system uses ducts and pipes to disburse the heated or cooled air. The air is cycled back down the master unit and it is reheated or cooled again to be sent through the system. Thermostat controls vary by type which most are now digital and or wi-fi connected.
Radiant systems use a combination of electricity, water, and steam where a central boiler heats water. Pipes throughout the building move this heated water into areas or rooms into a radiator. Water which has cooled is then returned to the boiler which is recirculated throughout the home.
Electric radiant systems use an installed system of coils and cables into the ceilings and floors of the structure. These cables are electrically heated and radiated into each room where there are cables installed.
Air duct systems are found throughout most homes because of the ease of use where a single duct can carry either cooled or heated air throughout the home.
Another popular option is through geothermal heating systems. A heat pump is installed into the ground which works with the seasonal temperatures and its effects on how the ground holds heat and cooled air. Tubes are installed throughout the grounds/property which carry air that is exchanged in your home as follows. The ground is typically much cooler than the air during summer weather so the heat pump excahnges the hot air in your home for the cooler air in the tubes in the ground. During colder months it is vice versa. The air temperature in your home is much colder than the ground temperature so the heat pump exchanges the cold air for the warm air into your home.
Why should you care about the different kinds of heating and cooling systems in your home?
Spending a good amount of money on your home to enjoy a comfortable climate year round is no small decision. You’ll need to decide if the type of home you live in is better or worse off when it comes to efficiency which can either save or cost you money in the long run. Another factor to consider is that some systems perform better than others depending on the area of the country you reside.
The next step would be to speak with a qualified heating and cooling expert in your local area to discuss options. Get more than one opinion as your decision should not be based solely on price of the upfront cost. A qualified professional should be able to guide you on certain advantages and disadvantages of systems in your unique, particular home.